Creatine monohydrate is a substance that helps humans perform lifting, running and other athletic activities. It has been used for over 20 years in bodybuilding.
It is one of many nitrogenous organic compounds that are synthesized in vivo from amino acids. Its derivative, creatinine, is a breakdown product of creatine phosphate that plays an important role in the generation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) via substrate-level phosphorylation.
ATP is essential for powering cellular processes and life itself. Creatine helps to produce ATP during moments of intense muscular activity, such as weightlifting.
Creatine is produced in most vertebrates. It is a source of energy used mainly when cells need to generate quickly high levels of ATP, for example, in skeletal muscles during periods of intense physical activity.
Creatine is considered to be a supplement or nutritional product. It can also help the human body function more efficiently in general and helps with muscle growth. Creatine can also be used in the treatment of a neurological disorder called Huntington’s disease.
It is marketed as a dietary supplement, and among athletes. It is used in many different kinds of sports to improve performance and fitness.