Rhodiola rosea is a perennial flowering plant of the Crassulaceae family, native to cold regions of Asia Minor. It grows in moist and wet areas such as stream sides or forest margins at an altitude of 800-2000m.
It is also known as golden root, rose-root, rosy root or Arctic rose. It was first described in 1753 by the Swedish botanist Carl von Linné (Carl Linnaeus).
Rhodiola rosea is a perennial herb growing to 15–30 cm tall, with roots that grow in spreading or creeping rhizomes. The leaves are 2-4 inches long and 1 inch broad, palmately lobed with five acute triangular lobes on each side of the leaf blade.
The flowers are bright yellow, 2–3 mm diameter, and grow in dense clusters at the ends of the stem branches. The fruit is a small red achene 4–5 mm long with a pale brown seed.
Rhodiola rosea is a hardy, perennial plant that grows in the Arctic in alpine and tundra regions.
It is a flowering perennial herb with pink or yellow flowers, which grows wild on arctic tundra in northern parts of Asia and North America. In the past Rhodiola rosea has been used to improve brain function and treat anxiety, depression, fatigue, and headaches.